Main Article Content
Bladder cancer is among the most common cancers globally, with significant mortality associated with more advanced disease. Early detection and diagnostic accuracy are thus fundamental to the clinical pathway for managing bladder cancer. MicroRNA (miRNA) are small, non-coding segments of RNA that regulate gene expression and have been implicated in the process of carcinogenesis. Dysregulation and aberrant expression of miRNAs have been shown to have both oncogenic and tumor suppressive effects. A vast number of miRNA, across the entire field of cancer biology, have already been identified and characterized, and many of these have been associated with bladder cancer. These miRNAs have furthered our understanding of the genetic profile of bladder cancer, and ultimately, may be utilized in the detection, prognosis, and treatment of this disease. This chapter focuses on the role of miRNA in the pathogenesis of metastatic bladder cancer and overviews many of the miRNA thought to be associated with bladder cancer. Additionally, this chapter explores the clinical utilities of miRNAs in bladder cancer to serve as biomarkers and guide individualized treatment.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright of individual chapters belongs to the respective authors. The authors grant unrestricted publishing and distribution rights to the publisher. The electronic versions of the chapters are published under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). Users are allowed to share and adapt the chapters for any non-commercial purposes as long as the authors and the publisher are explicitly identified and properly acknowledged as the original source. The books in their entirety are subject to copyright by the publisher. The reproduction, modification, republication and display of the books in their entirety, in any form, by anyone, for commercial purposes are strictly prohibited without the written consent of the publisher.