Monograph Preparation Guidelines

Please adhere strictly to the monograph preparation guidelines. Once your monograph is ready, submit it online using the "Submit a Monograph" link. Before proceeding, be informed of the associated article processing fee.




Language: Ensure your monograph is in grammatically and scientifically correct English.

File format: Microsoft Word; Times Roman font size 12; Justified alignment; 1.5 line spacing; 1-inch (2.54 cm) margin; Lines are numbered. 

Number of Authors: A maximum of four authors is allowed. This is non-negotiable.

Word Limit: 9,000 – 25,000 words, inclusive of the abstract, figure legends, tables, and references. Monographs shorter than 9,000 words will not be considered.

Figures: The maximum number of individual figures is five, irrespective of manuscript length. However, exception can be made upon request. Figures can be multi-panel (e.g., Figure 1 A, 1B, 1C grouped as Figure 1). All figures may be in color. At least one figure is obligatory.

Tables: The manuscript can have up to three tables. No table should exceed one page in portrait or 1.5 pages in landscape. If tables contain references, these references must also appear in the text in sequential order.

Headings: Only two levels of headings are allowed.

                    -Primary heading: Capitalized and bold.

                    -Secondary heading: Normal font and bold.

Do not number the headings and avoid placing a secondary heading directly below a primary heading without any content in between.

Abbreviations: Minimize the use of abbreviations. Only use abbreviations that appear at least four times in the text and define them on their first appearance.

References: Follow the Vancouver style.


DETAILED INSTRUCTIONS (All components are mandatory unless marked as 'optional')

Organize the monograph as follows:

Title: A concise title representing the main idea. For instance, "Gene X in Prostate Cancer" is preferable over "The Role of Gene X in Prostate Cancer."

Authors: List full names (first name, then last name) of all authors separated by commas. Use superscripts for different affiliations (e.g., Author One¹, Author Two²). Do not use "and" before the last author. Include affiliations and countries, separated by semi-colons.

Author for Correspondence: Mention the full name, primary affiliation, country, and email.

Abstract: One paragraph without references or subheadings, between 150 and 200 words. Ensure the abstract is not shorter than 150 words.

Keywords: List 5-10 in alphabetical order, separated by semi-colons.

Running Title: Maximum of 50 characters, excluding spaces.

Introduction: Use only the term "Introduction" and avoid adding subheadings beneath it. Include references.

Contents: Present the content under various headings as suitable. Adhere to the guidelines on heading styles.

Future Directions (Optional): If added, title it "Future Directions."

Conclusion: Title it "Conclusion" and refrain from using alternate terms like "Conclusions" or "Concluding remarks."

Acknowledgment (Optional): If you do not have acknowledgments, skip this section. Recognize colleagues or funding sources here.

Conflict of Interest: Specify any conflicts. If none, use the following statement:

The authors declare that they have no potential conflict of interest concerning the research, authorship, and/or publication of this manuscript.

Copyright and Permission Statement: Please copy and paste the following as it is. Do not modify.

The authors confirm that the materials included in this chapter do not violate copyright laws. Where relevant, appropriate permissions have been obtained from the original copyright holder(s), and all original sources have been appropriately acknowledged or referenced. Where relevant, informed consent has been obtained from patients or their caregivers as per applicable national or institutional policies.

References: Cite using the Vancouver style. Ensure citations are in numerical order in parentheses and match the order at the end of the manuscript. Examples are given below (adapted from Monash University).


For journal articles with 1-6 authors, list all authors

Format: Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers.

Example: Courthod G, Tucci M, Di Maio M, Scagliotti GV. Papillary renal cell carcinoma: A review of the current therapeutic landscape. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2015;96(1):100-12.


For journal articles with more than 6 authors, add et al. after the sixth author

Format: Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF, et al. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers.

Example: Alves MR, Carneiro FC, Lavorato-Rocha AM, da Costa WH, da Cunha IW, de Cássio Zequi S, et al. Mutational status of VHL gene and its clinical importance in renal clear cell carcinoma. Virchows Arch. 2014;465(3):321- 30.



Format: Author AA. Title of book. # edition [if not first]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Pagination.

Example: Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2009. 541 p.


Chapter in a book

Format: Author AA, Author BB. Title of book. # edition. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Chapter number, Chapter title; p. [page numbers of chapter].

Example: Speroff L, Fritz MA. Clinical gynecologic endocrinology and infertility. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2005. Chapter 29, Endometriosis; p. 1103-33.


Edited Book

Format: Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of book. # edition[if not first]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year. Pagination.

Example: O'Campo P, Dunn JR, editors. Rethinking social epidemiology: towards a science of change. Dordrecht: Springer; 2012. 348 p.


Chapter in an edited book

Format: Author AA, Author BB. Title of chapter. In: Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of book. # edition. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of publication. p. [page numbers of chapter].

Example: Blaxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press; 1976. p. 165-78.



Figures inserted immediately after the references.
Each figure identified in the text as Figure 1, Figure 2 etc. (not Fig.1, Fig. 2).
Figure referenced in the text in sequential order.
Multi-panel figures should be made into one figure.
For example, Figure 1A, 1B and 1C should be made into a single multi-panel Figure 1 not three separate figures.
Multi-panel figures labeled in Caps – Figure 1 A, 1 B, IC not Figure 1a, 1b, 1c.
Figure legends given immediately below the figure.
Figure legend should be stand-alone.
Abbreviations used in figures expanded at the end of the legend in alphabetical order, each separated by semi-colon.
High resolution TIFF images (min 300 dpi) uploaded separately during submission.



Tables inserted immediately after the references or the figures, if relevant.
Created with the 'insert table' function of Microsoft Word.
A table should not exceed a single page.
Page margins: 3.5 cm (1.37 inches) at the top and bottom, and 2 cm (0.75 inches) at left and right.
Can be portrait or landscape.
Each table identified in the text as Table 1 or Table 2.
Identified in sequential order.
Each table has a title.
Any relevant explanation given below the table.
If there are references in the Table, they should also be identified in the text in sequential order.