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Prostate cancer is the third most common diagnosed malignancy. It is a heterogeneous disease with incidence rates that vary substantially across the world, from 6.3 to 83.4 per 100,000 people. Age-standardized incidence rates are the highest in Northern Europe and lowest in South Central Asia. Men of African origin are more prone to the disease compared with other ethnicities. Mortality rates differ significantly from incidence rates, with the highest figures in the Caribbean, Sub-Saharan Africa and Micronesia/Polynesia. This chapter provides an overview of the global trends in epidemiology of prostate cancer. Incidence and mortality rates in the Americas, Africa, Europe, Asia, and Oceania are presented.
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